Encouragement of biodegradable municipal waste recycling as a substitute of non-renewable resources and improvements of soil quality

Submitter: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic

Time of Relevance: 1/2013–12/2014

 

Project description: 

The main aim of the project is to adjust and amend the applicable criteria for efficient, economical and effective use of biodegradable waste, and thus, simplify waste diversion from landfilling, in terms of fulfilling targets set by the EU legislation.

 

Project solving was divided into four working units which should fulfill intermediate goals of the project:

1Evaluate institutions (formal, and informal) that form the motivation structure of subjects that treat with biodegradable municipal waste (hereinafter only „BMW“).

2Propose efficient and environmentally effective regulatory instruments and evaluate their impact on subjects in the economy (consumers, municipalities, facility operators).

3. Establish methodological framework for municipalities to form comprehensive (integrated) systems of BMW management.

4. Present the results among both experts and the general public.

Goal of WU1 was to „evaluate institutions (formal, and informal) that form the motivation structure of subjects that treat with BMW“. This goal was achieved by using a combination of institutional analysis (methodology by prof. Elinor Ostrom adjusted to the Czech environment and the case subject) and analysis of key stakeholders, whose goal is to identify institutional environment and motivations of key subjects – so called stakeholders (consumers, municipalities, facility operators, demand – farmers, land reclamation, etc., representatives of public and state administrative) who are involved in establishment of the BMW system 

Goal of WU2 was to „propose efficient and environmentally effective regulatory instruments and evaluate their impact on subjects in the economy (consumers, municipalities, facility operators)“. By using a method of desk-research, alternative proposals of regulatory instruments applicable in the Czech Republic (expert studies, projects for R&D etc.) and abroad (strategic materials) were considered, and efficient and effective mix of instruments was proposed (by using a method „3E“ which was accepted by OECD in  1996) and impacts of these instruments on subject in the economy were evaluated by ex-ante models (inc. expected effect on fulfilling the targets  set by the Directive 1999/31/EC). As a evaluation tool, the investigatory team used a model SimTool which was developed to assess regulatory impacts on businesses , however, for  the project purposes, the model was adjusted to be able to evaluate regulatory impacts also on other subjects in the economy.

The aim of WU 4 was to present project results among experts and the general public. During the solving process, two round table discussions were held at the Ministry of the Environment where different approaches of the investigatory team, how to solve the project, were discussed, and requirements on the project outputs were specified by the representatives of the Ministry of the Environment. At the end of 2014, a workshop for experts and the general public was organized, and was held at the Ministry of the Environment. Publication of results and their presentation at conferences in the Czech Republic, is also part of the project aim.

 

Investigatory team:

Ing. Jan Slavík, Ph.D. – principal investigator

Ing. et Ing. Stanislav Čurda, Ph.D.

Ing. Tomáš Chorazy, Ph.D.

Mgr. Kristýna Rybová

Ing. Marta Osersová

Ing. Jitka Šeflová

Mgr. Ladislav Sobotka

Ing. Tomáš Smejkal

Ing. Marie Křístková, Ph.D.

Ing. Martina Pělucha, Ph.D.

RNDr. Viktor Květoň, Ph.D.  

 

Outputs:

Among outputs belong technical reports for the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic, results were released in scientific publications and their presentation at seminars and conferences. Project results have also been used in "Justification for the draft of the decree no. 321/2014 Coll. which sets the scope and method of a separate collection of municipal waste". So far, the publicated articles are:

 

  • CHORAZY, T., ČURDA, S., SOBOTKA, L. 2015. Nakládání s biologicky rozložitelnými komunálními odpady z pohledu institucionální analýzy (Biodegradable municipal waste management from the perspective of institutional analysis). Odpadové fórum 1/2015.
  • SOBOTKA, L., ČURDA, S., CHORAZY, T. 2014. Ekonomika variant využití biologické složky komunálního odpadu v rámci odpadového hospodářství obcí (Economy of different alternatives of treating biodegradable municipal waste within the waste management of municipality). Odpady 11/2014. 

Within the project, a publication was written: SLAVÍK, J. a kol. 2015. Institucionální a ekonomická analýza využití bioodpadu v obcích (Institutional and economical analysis of biodegradable waste usage in municipalitites). Praha: IREAS, 1st  edition., ISBN 978-80-86684-97-0 (here)

 

Before the project was concluded, a workshop „Encouragement of biodegradable municipal waste recycling as a substitute of non-renewable resources and improvements of soil quality„ was held on 21st November 2014 in room no. 432 at the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. Workshop programme is available (here), individual lectures here:

 

Team members also gave a speech at the following conferences:

  • CHORAZY, T. 2014. Biodegradable municipal waste management from the perspective of institutional analysis. 10th International Conference ‚Biodegradable waste, Náměšť nad Oslavou 15th – 17th October 2014
  • ČURDA, S., SOBOTKA, L. 2015. Encouragement of biodegradable municipal waste recycling as a substitute of non-renewable resources and improvements of soil quality, 10th Czech-Slovakian symposium ‚Results of research and development for the waste managementí‘, Hustopeče u Brna 18th – 20th March 2015

Contact person: Jan Slavík, slavik (at) ireas.cz