Economic assessment of measures to improve air quality in the Moravian-Silesian Region as part of the commission "Increasing PO2 absorption capacity – analysis of national and regional policies"

Submitter: Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic

Time of Relevance: 01/2011–05/2011

 

Project description: The objective of the economic part of the project was an economic assessment of various options for improving the air quality in the areas of the Moravian-Silesian Region the most burdened with pollution. The analysis focused on quantification of the unit costs of abatement of dust emissions (i. e. costs of not releasing 1 tonne of dust) in the sectors of industry, local fireplaces and transport. The analysis showed that there are dramatic differences of hundreds of percent in pollution abatement costs. Clearly the cheapest measure identified was emission reduction from local fireplaces (between CZK 50 and 500 thousand; thermal insulation only costs from CZK 1 to 2 million/ton of PM), followed by measures in the industry (from CZK 0.3 million to 3 million; the median is around CZK 0.5 million). Measures in the transport sector were shown to be very costly (from CZK 10 to 30 million; only CNG buses showed lower costs, namely CZK 2 million). The analysis conclusions indicate the necessity to carry out economic analyses when formulating air protection policies, choosing and prioritising measures. However, the same conclusion applies to climate and water protection policies and others.

 

The outcomes and their repeated presentation have significantly contributed to a shift in the public debate on regulation of air pollution sources from large industrial sources towards local fireplaces. To this day, the results have been presented by policymakers independently of the authors at all major conferences on air protection in the MSR (most recently, government plenipotentiary doc. Ing. Jiří Cienciala, CSc., in April 2015).

 

Contact person: Ondřej Vojáček, vojacek (at) ireas.cz, Ladislav Sobotka, sobotka (at) ireas.cz